Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
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Comparative and Superlative Adjectivesתארי השוואה: כמו.... יותר....הכי

Download this explanation in PDF here.

Download this explanation in PDF here.
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כיצד משווים בין דברים זהים... כלומר כמו.... אני גבוהה כמו החברה שלי

  • Ran is as tall as Galit. הם באותו הגובה

We can use 'not as ... as' to say that two things are not the same.
  • Paris is not as big as London (= London is bigger than Paris).


We can say that something is more than another thing by using a comparative adjective with 'than'.
  • Italy is bigger than Israel.
  • Orly is taller than Ronit.
  • Guy is smaller than Sara.

תארים בעלי שתי הברות או יותר יופיעו במבנה הבא
  • Your book is more interesting than my book.


Adjectives with one syllable
תארים בעלי הברה אחת בלבד
Usually if an adjective has only one syllable, we add 'er' + than...to make the comparative form.
We add 'the + est' to make the superlative form.

clean נקי-----------→ cleaner יותר נקי/-------→ cleanest הכי נקי
  • cold קר--------→ colder קר יותר / coldest הכי קר
  • small קטן--------→ smaller קטן יותר/ smallest הכי קטן
  • young צעיר-------→ younger צעיר יותר/ youngest הכי צעיר
  • tall גבוה----------→ taller גבוה יותר/ tallest הכי גבוה
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תארים במבנה: אות רגילה-ניקוד-רגילה נכפיל את האות האחרונה
If there is one vowel followed by one consonant at the end of the adjective,
we often double the consonant.
  • wet → wetter / wettest
  • big → bigger / biggest
  • hot → hotter / hottest
  • thin → thinner / thinnest
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'y'תארים שמסתיימים באות

If the adjective ends in 'y'this often changes to 'i'.
  • dry → drier / driest
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'e' תארים שמסתיימים באות

If the adjective ends in 'e', we don't add another 'e', just 'r'.
  • nice → nicer / nicest
  • large → larger / largest

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Even when the adjective has only one syllable, it's still not wrong to use 'more' or 'most'. It's possible to say 'more wet' or 'most tall'. This isn't incorrect.

There are a few adjectives that we have to use 'more' or 'most' with, even though they only have one syllable. We CAN'T add 'er' or 'est'.
  • fun → more fun / most fun (NOT funner / funnest)
  • real → more real / most real (NOT realer / realest)
  • right → more right / most right (NOT righter / rightest)
  • wrong → more wrong / most wrong (NOT wronger / wrongest)
Adjectives with two syllables

For adjectives with two syllables we generally use 'more' or 'most'.
  • careful → more careful / most careful
  • bored → more bored / most bored
But some two syllable adjectives can take 'er' or 'est'. It's also fine to use 'more' (for the comparative) or 'most' (for the superlative).
  • clever → cleverer / cleverest
  • simple → simpler / simplest
  • narrow → narrower / narrowest
  • quiet → quieter / quietest
Adjectives with two syllables that end in 'y' usually can add 'er' or 'est' (y generally changes to i). It's also fine to use 'more' or 'most'.
  • dirty → dirtier / dirtiest
  • pretty → prettier / prettiest
  • lovely → happier / happiest
  • ugly → uglier / ugliest
Adjectives with more than two syllables

Adjectives with more than two syllables can only make their comparative by using 'more' and their superlative by using 'most'.
  • beautiful → more beautiful / most beautiful
  • intelligent → more intelligent / most intelligent
  • interesting → more interesting / most interesting
  • expensive → more expensive / most expensive
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Irregular adjectives

תארים יוצאי דופן
There are also some irregular adjectives. We just need to learn these forms.
  • good → better → best
  • bad → worse → worst
  • far → further → furthest
  • little → less → least
  • much → more → most
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תרגול
Comparatives - 1
Comparatives - 2
Comparatives - 3
Superlatives - 1
Superlatives - 2